The Patellofemoral Joint is the articulation between the patella (knee cap) and the femur (thigh pain). Patellofemoral pain is a common knee complaint that often occurs due to altered alignment or maltracking of the patella. This is often due to poor biomechanics or muscle imbalances around the knees and hips. The quadriceps and gluteals play a big part in patellofemoral pain.
Patients normally experience a gradual onset of pain rather than traumatic, that usually occurs during weight bearing or loading activities. Pain climbing stairs, squatting, hopping, running and cycling are common. Sustained knee flexion such as sitting can also cause pain.
Most people describe symptoms as a dull ache at the front of the knee or deep within the knee.
Research shows that physiotherapy and specific exercises are effective in the management of patellofemoral pain, with 90% of sufferers being pain-free within six weeks. In some cases, such as damaged joint surfaces, or co-existing pathologies, surgery may be considered.
Physiotherapy consists of both manual therapy, as well as exercises to address associated muscle imbalances and altered mechanics.
Your physiotherapist will assess your individual needs and provide a rehabilitation plan to assist in getting you pain free, and preventing recurrence.